The Southern Poverty Law Center is dedicated to fighting hate and bigotry and to seeking justice for the most vulnerable members of our society. Using litigation, education, and other forms of advocacy, the SPLC works toward the day when the ideals of equal justice and equal opportunity will be a reality. This web page describes its initiatives to eliminate disenfranchisement and discriminatory voting practices in the Deep South. The League of Women Voters is an American civic organization that was formed to help women take a larger role in public affairs after they won the right to vote.
This web page describes its nonpartisan efforts to ensure that all eligible voters should have the equal opportunity to exercise that right. Vox , November 28, The strength of racially motivated voting in can be explained in part by the types of people white or nonwhite, immigrant or native who lived close to Trump supporters, and, even more importantly, how this social geography had changed over time.
How and why the spatial relationships between groups matters is discussed. Discover Society , June 1, Elected officials of both parties often prefer to leave controversial racial questions to less visible administrative agencies or the politically insulated courts than to engage with these issues in election campaigns. Most conservative colorblind voters do not explicitly favor white supremacy. But equally there is little doubt that most think it unwise and unjust for public policies to seek aggressively to transform further the political, economic, and social institutions and practices built up under centuries of white supremacist policies — institutions and practices in which whites continue to hold advantaged places, in fact if not in law.
Miller v. On June 29, , the U. Supreme Court explained that a redistricting plan is constitutionally suspect if the jurisdiction used race as the "predominant factor" in determining how to draw district lines. For race to "predominate", the jurisdiction must prioritize racial considerations over traditional redistricting principles. If a court concludes that racial considerations predominated, then the redistricting plan is considered "racially gerrymandered. Shelby County v. Economic Policy Institute , July 2, However, more than 50 years after the March on Washington that called for reforms that would promote civil rights, the hard economic goals of the march, critical to transforming the life opportunities of African Americans, have not been fully achieved.
The Atlantic , April 14, This article provides a summary of civil rights legislation and court rulings in cases where proprietors refused service to potential customers. Georgetown Law Journal , This academic article addresses issues relating to discrimination in the provision of public services to African Americans by companies engaged in the platform economy. Platform economy businesses use online platforms to connect providers of goods and services - such as drivers and landlords - with users of those goods and services -such as passengers and renters.
New York Times , August 31, Recollections of an African-American woman about vacation car trips with her family into the American South are the subject of this article. This is a beautifully crafted piece about the many risks encountered by African-American motorists, including the dangers of journeys on local roads and nighttime travel. African-American motorists had to use extreme caution to avoid problems with local police.
An indispensable manual for travel was the Negro Motorist Guide Book that identified safe and welcoming hotels, restaurants, and gas stations. Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. United States. Title II of the Civil Rights Act of forbade racial discrimination by places of public accommodation if their operations affected commerce.
On December 14, , the U. Supreme Court ruled that the Commerce Clause extends the anti-discrimination provisions in the Civil Rights Act of to hotels that host travelers from outside the state. Katzenbach v. Racial discrimination by local restaurants, in the aggregate, impacts interstate commerce substantially. The court reviewed the record which supported that the practice of racial discrimination by local restaurants was a widespread practice. The court even went so far as to examine a study which showed that spending by minority populations in localities with high levels of discrimination was substantially lower in order to support the conclusion that the aggregate impact was substantial.
Below is an annotated bibliography of books that address issues that African Americans regularly confront in the U. Many are classics, representing the first widely read discussions of the forms in which racism is manifest and the toll that such injustice takes on African Americans. Much of the current literature emphasizes the implicit, covert racism experienced by African Americans that is widespread and damaging to their sense of fairness in our society.
The availability of each book is indicated with the following designations:. Red Bank Library has one or more reviews of a book on its web site: R. Michelle Alexander It has simply replaced one caste system Jim Crow for another one imprisonment, parole, detention that keeps the majority of minorities in a permanent state of disenfranchisement. The book details what economists usually miss, namely the entire legal structure of the courts, parole, probation, and laws that effectively turn a perpetrator of a crime into a moral outlaw who is unworthy of rehabilitation.
Jan Arnow The author, one of the country's leading authorities on the psychology and teaching practices of multi-cultural education and violence abatement, offers advice on how to raise children peaceably at home, at school, and in the neighborhood. The process of child rearing must appropriately address a variety of issues, including war toys, gender equality, hate groups, children's literature, TV violence, and video games.
The book contains samples of school and community policies that work, and useful bibliographies are presented as well. The Fire Next Time. James Baldwin This book galvanized the nation and gave passionate voice to the emerging civil rights movement. At once a powerful evocation of James Baldwin's early life in Harlem, it examines the deep consequences of racial injustice to both the individual and the body politic.
Eduardo Bonilla-Silva Bonilla-Silva traces the legacy of the US past into the present, exploring institutions that have helped perpetuate racial inequality and segregation in housing, education, political life, the prison system, and other areas. A survey is included of various forms of contemporary economic inequality, social segmentation, and control.
Because the book sometimes functions as the only text on race in many college classrooms, it has been updated regularly, this being the 5th edition. Between the World and Me. Ta-Nehisi Coates An examination of America's history of race and its contemporary resonances. Angela Davis ed.
- Modern Gardens (May 2016);
- Signed by the Author!
- Network Convergence. Ethernet Applications and Next Generation Packet Transport Architectures!
- America Behind The Color Line: Dialogues with African Americans.
- Henry Louis Gates, Jr. | The Hutchins Center for African & African American Research.
- A history of Marine Observation Squadron Six?
- The Evolutionary Ecology of Animals!
A comprehensive analysis of the key issues of the Black Lives Matter movement that contains essays by criminal justice experts and legal scholars. The book explores the many ways the criminal justice system impacts the lives of African American boys and men at every stage of the criminal process, from arrest through sentencing. Essays range from an examination of the historical roots of racism in the criminal justice system to a consideration of present-day police killings of unarmed black men. The Girl Who Fell from the Sky.
Heidi Durrow This award-winning book is an insightful family saga of the toxicity of racism and the forging of the self. As the child of an African American father and a Danish mother, the author brings piercing authenticity to this provocative tale. Michael Eric Dyson This is a deeply personal call for change in race relations in America.
It is structured as a Baptist worship service, dividing chapters into "Hymns of Praise," "Invocation," "Benediction" and "Sermon. Based largely on his personal experiences, the stories give power to his invectives and helps open our eyes to situations that white America rarely confront. Ralph Eubanks This is a story about the author's grandparents, an interracial couple in early twentieth-century rural Alabama who were able to build a strong family and establish a unique cultural and racial identity in spite of Jim Crow laws.
While Eubanks begins by seeking his grandparents' motivations and their methods for subverting societal norms, his memoir eventually broadens to a thoughtful though still personal exploration of the construction of race and racial identity, particularly within families that cross the color line. Henry Louis Gates This book contains 40 interviews conducted with noted and average African Americans, including statesmen, artists, police chiefs, and WWII veterans.
These interviews reveal that African Americans have had a unique, difficult experience in America, and have succeeded against the odds. Racism persists in America albeit in more subtle ways and, therefore, today's younger generation of African Americans are confronted by many challenges. Eddie S. Glaude, Jr. A powerful argument on the state of black America that criticizes the idea of a post-racial society. Forceful in ideas and unsettling in its candor, the book sets forth the untenable position of black America and offers thoughts on a better way forward.
The Keepers of the House. Shirley Ann Grau This Pulitzer Prize winning novel is a many-layered indictment of the brushfires of racial and blood bitterness. It is a story of the granddaughter of mixed racial parents who finds her trapped in the fall-out of a destructive encounter between the black and white branches of her family. Black Like Me. John Howard Griffin This is a mid-century classic. Wondering what "adjustments and discriminations" he would face as an African American in the Deep South, the author left behind his life as a Southern white man, stepped across the color line by darkening his skin, and traveled through Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia, experiencing life as a black man.
By so doing, he exchanged his privileged life for the disenfranchised world of an unemployed black man. During his six-week experience, he encountered first-hand the difficulties African Americans faced when trying to acquire the means to support himself, means that are common to all individuals; food and water, restrooms, housing, employment, transportation, and social support. Anthony Ray Hinson Anthony Ray Hinton spent nearly 30 years on death row for a crime he did not commit.
But with no money and a different system of justice for a poor black man in the South, Hinton was sentenced to death by electrocution. After three years in despair and agonizing silence, he accepted his fate, resolving not only to survive, but find a way to live on death row. Over the next 27 years he transformed his own spirit and those of fellow inmates, 54 of whom were executed mere feet from his cell.
He won his release in thanks to a good lawyer. Jeff Hobbs The trials and tribulations of the male up-from-the-ghetto are recounted about Robert Peace by his college roommate, the author Jeff Hobbs. The book elucidates the cost of living between the world Peace was born into and the one his potential and a degree from Yale University allowed him to enter. His life is described in great detail, including the decisions he made for himself and the ones that life forced upon him.
Importantly, the sheer complexity of his existence is revealed. David Ikard The election of Barack Obama gave political currency to the white idea that Americans now live in a post-racial society. The book discusses the persistent challenges faced by most African Americans - racial profiling, economic inequality between blacks and whites, disproportionate numbers of black prisoners, and disparities in health and access to healthcare.
The shifting discourse of white supremacist ideology is surfaced in these discussions - including post-racialism and colorblind politics - that frustrates black self-determination, agency, and empowerment in the 21st century. Something So Perfect. Janel Lee This fictional story about an interracial couple explores some of the real-life issues that such relationships experience on a daily basis.
Their relationship deteriorates, not because of the disapproving opinions of others, but rather because of Delilah's an African American defensiveness about their situation. Frustrated by Delilah's actions, James a Caucasian decides to end the relationship. Delilah finally realizes that she spent more time defending their love than she spent actually being in love. Barbara Mathias The only way to rid our society of the evil of racism is to teach our children, while they're still impressionable, that color is not an indication of a person's worth. Unfortunately, many parents are at a loss as to how to do this effectively.
Mathias provides helpful and practical ways parents can teach this important lesson, and offers specific advice addressing the unique concerns of both white parents and parents of color. Ijeoma Olu This book provides both white people and people of color a language to engage in clear, constructive, and confident dialogue with each other about how to deal with racial prejudices and biases.
A series of questions are addressed that typically emerge in daily interactions, whether they are raised explicitly or implicitly throughout society, especially since the U. Systemic racism built over centuries and baked into our culture, rather than individual acts of oppression, is responsible for the manner in which African Americans and whites interact with each other. Richard Rothstein Rather than being an accident of privately held prejudice, the book argues that 20th century segregation was a product of federal, state, and local housing and land-use policies that directly and intentionally led to the suppression of black family wealth and well-being.
These patterns began in the s with racial zoning, all the way to current-day patterns of economic and political disenfranchisement. To support his argument, Rothstein draws on extensive historical research that documents government efforts to create and enforce segregation. Thomas Segrue This book contains a mountain of evidence on the varied battles and myriad figures of the northern civil rights movement along with extensive documentation of racial injustice and segregation in the North.
The intense northern struggle for racial equality in states from Illinois to New York was inspired by the fight down South, although differences between the movements are explicated. Writings of obscure African American journalists and the records of civil rights and black power groups are reported to create a detailed history of American civil rights activism.
Beverly Daniel Tatum This book addresses two questions: what is this self-segregation all about? Therefore, Whites need to embrace their Whiteness and develop a healthy, positive self-image without assuming superiority. RB - Race Matters. Cornell West In eight brief essays that address tough issues e. Treatment of the racial issues is unique because they are viewed from both political and spiritual perspectives.
Theological sensibility is brought to bear on secular problems. West is insistently moral, criticizing racial hierarchy and black leaders, both liberal and conservative, who cannot transcend race to fight for fundamental social change. We are fortunate that many of presentations dealing with race have been video recorded, and many of these have been archived on the internet. Below is a sample of these recorded events, the actual videos of which may be viewed using the links provided. Grounded in the year legacy of the magazine, AtlanticLIVE brings the journalism of The Atlantic to life through staged event experiences.
Subjects addressed by the three speakers include the success of the Act in meeting its goals, the important impact of credit-granting agencies in facilitating home ownership by African Americans, and the effect of discriminatory online advertising of available residential properties.
This video describes a student-centered approach to creating safe spaces for people to discuss race and their experience of difference with people who are different from them. The video is a great warm-up for any group that wants to discuss race, even if the group is not using the Sustained Dialogue approach. By watching people talk about race and truly listening to each other, people get more comfortable discussing things they may never have discussed with others before.
This is a lecture given by Prof. Patricia Rose skip the first 7 minutes.
America Behind the Color Line: Dialogues with African Americans
Structural racism — the normalized and legitimized range of policies, practices, and attitudes that routinely produce cumulative and chronic adverse outcomes for people of color, especially black people — is the main driver of racial inequality in America today. Structural racism is contrasted with color blindness. The evolution of these concepts in the U. David R. Williams gives a TED Conference talk in which he discusses the shorter life expectancy of African Americans than their White counterparts.
Williams developed a scale to measure the impact of discrimination on well-being, going beyond traditional measures like income and education to reveal how factors like implicit bias, residential segregation, and negative stereotypes create and sustain inequality. In this eye-opening talk, Williams presents evidence for how racism is producing a rigged system -- and offers hopeful examples of programs across the US that are working to dismantle discrimination.
A compilation of 9 Ted talks that offer an honest look at the far-reaching effects of racism experienced by African Americans on a daily basis. Among these everyday realities are discrimination suffered when trying to rent a house, the hard truths about the American justice system, the special problems of trying to raise African American children, and the need to increase conversation about racism.
A synopsis is provided for each of the videos. Robin DiAngelo focuses on the oppressive behavior that is born out of white privilege. The lecture tries to make white people understand how race functions in their lives, and how often manifests itself in explicit and implicit biases. In addition to describing the most obvious and explicit aspects of racism and white privilege, the lecture reveals biases that lurk beneath the surface of racism. Produced by The Stream a national daily championing freedom, smaller government and human dignity , this video presents examples of dangerous and unsavory living conditions experienced by both poor and minority populations due to pollution stemming from industries that are situated close to their residential neighborhoods.
Also apparent is the frustration of aggrieved residents caused by failure to promt various governmental agencies to eliminate or mitigate the sources of the environmental degradation. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate skip the first 11 minutes. Her remarks began with a review of the history of the conditions under which African Americans lived through out the 20th Century. Her focus then turns to the 50 years since the presidency of John F. She concludes that violence against African Americans has become manifest in the brutality of police actions against unarmed black men, and the political, social, and economic injustice imposed on them.
Relief from these conditions is dependent upon political activism in the African American community. Race is an issue that has inspired filmmakers to create significant movies about the triumphs of unforgettable leaders, the struggles of ordinary African American families, and the wrenching violations of civil rights. Whatever a family's racial background, movies can be a starting point for conversations about race. For example, movies can illustrate the importance of diversity and acceptance, and serve as the basis for discussions about the manner in which different racial groups are depicted in film.
The movie sources below all contain lists of films dealing with racism. The Wikipedia source is the most comprehensive, but does not offer opinions about the relative importance of each film. The remaining sources have selected and ranked the films that they consider best. You can stream some of the movies identified on Netflix, Hulu, and Amazon Prime.
This is a list of approximately films that deal with the topic of race or racism.
Books on Black American History
The film title is followed by country and year of release, some of which are as recent as , the earliest of which is Birth of a Nation. Almost all of the titles serve as links to both a brief synopsis of the film and a more detailed description of the movie contained in a separate Wikipedia entry e. Bustle , March 26, Although these 19 movies are unlikely to erase racism overnight, they are likely to provide every viewer with a new perspective on how to think and talk about the subject.
There is a very brief synopsis of each movie as well as a video trailer. The list was compiled for Bustle, an online American magazine designed for women that positions news and politics alongside articles about beauty, celebrities, and fashion trends.
New PBS program spotlights black Americans
TheCinemaholic , August 9, Hatred and violence are the underlying themes of these 12 movies, most of which are dated prior to the year A short synopsis is provided for each film. TheCinemaholic is an entertainment website that covers cinema by making lists, reviewing movies, and expressing opinions.
Common Sense Media , February 2, This collection of films is intended for children. Each movie is described in detail, and guidance is offered to parents about important content and appropriate methods for starting a conversation with children about the underlying themes depicted. The organizations described below share a common objective: to promote access, equity, social justice and harmony among racial groups. Many of these organizations have literature, videos, or webinars on their websites that present their ideas and describe activities and events designed to challenge racism each and every day.
A link to the website of each organization is provided. Fortune was a newspaper editor and civil rights activist. His restored home is intended to expand and diversify his contributions to race relations, and to bring forth the history of communities of color in Red Bank and Monmouth County. The Amistad Commission ensures that the Department of Education and public schools of New Jersey implement materials and texts which integrate the history and contributions of African-Americans and the descendants of the African Diaspora. The Commission ensures that New Jersey teachers are equipped to effectively teach the revised social studies core curriculum content standards by creating and coordinating workshops, seminars, institutes, memorials and events which raise public awareness about the importance of the history of African-Americans to the growth and development of American society.
Pilgrim Baptist Church, Shrewsbury Ave. Its mission is to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate race-based discrimination.
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As a prominent advocate for civil rights, the NAACP leads grassroots campaigns for equal opportunity, conducts voter mobilization, and maintains an active docket of Civil Rights legal cases. The National Urban League NUL is a nonpartisan civil rights organization that advocates on behalf of African Americans and against racial discrimination.
It is the oldest founded in New York City in and largest community-based organizations of its kind in the nation. The goal of the Committee is building bridges of understanding and creating harmony among diverse groups and communities. It develops Race Amity Conferences and initiatives to advance cross-racial and cross-cultural amity that impact the public discourse on race. Race Amity Day is celebrated throughout the U. The goal of these conversations is to prepare young people to work toward racial justice. The archives contain links to numerous conversations about difficult interpersonal and social issues.
Our mission is to help teachers and schools educate children and youth to be active participants in a diverse democracy. Educators who care about diversity, equity and justice use our materials to supplement the curriculum, to inform their practices, and to create civil and inclusive school communities where children are respected and welcomed participants. About the Library. Board of Trustees. Frequently Asked Questions.
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Black mecca - Wikipedia
Local Resources. Research Databases. Employment Resources. Program Resource Pages. Using Our Catalog. Gates talks with a successful young couple who moved from Detroit to Atlanta and are content to live in an affluent black neighborhood — a new kind of segregation but one they chose, not one forced upon them — and others who are emblematic of black achievement. ET Tuesday and Wednesday, Feb. The documentary is firmly in the here and now, using history to illuminate where we stand and where we need to go. Jackson and musician Alicia Keys are among those weighing in on the role of race in the entertainment industry.
The best of times, the worst of times What Gates found was both encouraging and discouraging, including a black middle class that is the largest in U. Martin Luther King Jr. He was inspired in his quest by black leader and scholar W.